De Bruin (2013) gives the example of epistemic courage as compared with non-epistemic courage. The fact that knowing about your own modesty seems to spoil itsuggests what seems, to some at least, to be a troub… In chapter one, Medina claims that three important epistemic virtues that we should try to develop are: humility, curiosity/diligence and open mindedness, in contrast to the epistemic vices of arrogance, laziness, and close-mindedness (42). This group exploration will examine two major kinds of epistemic virtues that have developed in the history of science. Imagine, for instance, the reporter who enters a dangerous war-zone in order to under - … These can be contrasted to the epistemic vices such as: closed-mindedness; curiosity [see below] dogmatism; epistemic blindness; folly; gullibility; intellectual dishonesty; obtuseness; self-deception; superficiality of thought; superstition; willful naïveté; wishful thinking In order for a virtue to be epistemic, it first must be classified as intellectual. Drawing on work from a virtue epistemology perspective, this paper outlines the idea of a set of epistemic vices permeating organizations, along with examples of unethical epistemic … intellectual virtue or faculty, in the sense intended above, is a power or ability or competence to arrive at truths in a particular field, and to avoid believing falsehoods in that field. The feature of modesty and humility that has most captivatedphilosophers is its elusive nature. This means that the virtue concerns critical thinking and the pursuit of the truth. Candidate virtues include such traits as honesty, integrity (including an unwillingness to misuse one’s status as an expert), (...) patience, and creativity. Epistemic Justice as a Virtue in Hermeneutic Psychotherapy Abstract The value turn in epistemology generated a particularly influential new position – virtue epistemology. versions of virtue epistemology focus almost exclusively on the epistemic virtues, that is, on traits that lead cognizers to truth. In it, the sun, moon The person in question possesses an intellectual virtue: he or she is competent perceptually, and is using this competence in conditions that are appropriate for its exercise. Focusing on racial and sexual oppression and their interrelation, chapter 1 provides an analysis of active ignorance and of three epistemic vices that support it: epistemic arrogance, laziness, and closed-mindedness. But, since virtue epistemology is typically understood as analogous to virtue ethics, it is also reasonable to explore the potential role of epistemic vice in virtue epistemology. Thus suppose we think of intellectual virtues as reliable powers, and we think of knowledge as true belief grounded in such powers. Examples of human intellectual virtues are sight, hearing, introspection, memory, deduction and induction (Greco, John. Printed in the Netherlands. A major motivation for applying virtue theory to the theory of knowledge is that the position explains a wide range of our pretheoretical intuitions about who knows and who does not. One source of dissatisfaction is the seemingly intractable … Their arguments rest on their answers to the Preface Paradox and an epistemic version of the Lottery Paradox. Being an epistemically virtuous person is often equated with being a critical thinker and focuses on the human agent and the kind of practices that make it possible to arrive at the best accessible approximation of the truth. At first glance, this example is a problem for Sosa-style virtue epistemology. To borrow Roberts and Wood’s example, Dr. Frankenstein’s pursuit of scientific knowledge might, under some circumstances, seem to exemplify a virtuous love of knowledge, but Shelley makes it clear that Dr. Frankenstein’s pursuit of knowledge is obsessive, ignorant of its effects, unmediated by other intellectual virtues like humility and moderation, and thus vicious in the extreme (Epistemic Virtues 182-83). Using his highly reliable cognitive abilities, he forms the belief that there is a sheep in the field. (broadly, Aristotelian) virtues of the agent than on her "faculties." A virtue, roughly, is a relatively stable character trait—like honesty, generosity, or compassion. On this conception, while the epistemic goal of education might initially be promoting the pupil's cognitive success, it should ultimately move on to the development of the pupil's cognitive agency. I argue that structural active ignorance can be corrected only by developing epistemic virtues such as epistemic humility, curiosity/diligence, and open-mindedness. A particular belief is justified just in case it is formed by the operation of intellectual virtues. In this paper, I will examine a purely epistemic version of the Lottery Synthese 109: 121-141, 1996. ? Standard examples of epistemic virtues are care with evidence, resistance to the urge to form hasty conclusions, and imagination with respect to explanatory hypotheses. Example: The virtue of fair-mindedness. Corresponding to the two forms of epistemic injustice, Fricker identifies two different character traits and calls them the virtue of testimonial justice, and the virtue of hermeneutical justice. Virtue Epistemology: Essays in Epistemic Virtue and Responsibility - Ebook written by Abrol Fairweather, Linda Zagzebski. ... even though one's true belief met the virtue‐theoretic condition on knowledge laid down by Greco's virtue reliabilism. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Virtue Epistemology: Essays in Epistemic Virtue and Responsibility. the virtues of believing consistently. Examples of virtues that are considered to be intellectual or epistemic … Should they follow the traditional geocentric system of Ptolemy? These are the best studied virtues in virtue epistemology. I argue that the notion of reflective epistemic luck raises important questions about the centrality to epistemology of a conception of justification that demands that one is able to take cognitive responsibility for one’s beliefs. Epistemic virtues are the morals we ascribe to securing knowledge. The result of … Here, for instance, is Ernest Sosa, who outlined an early and influential version of virtue epistemology that took this form: For example, it may be one's faculty of sight operating in good light that gener ates one's belief in the whiteness and roundness of a facing snowball. And there are many examples of them. A virtue is a behavior showing high moral standards. The book reveals epistemic injustice as a potent yet largely silent dimension of discrimination, analyses the wrong it perpetrates, and constructs two hybrid ethical-intellectual virtues of epistemic justice which aim to forestall it. Some of them involve moral character as well as epistemic character. In the sixteenth and early seventeenth century, astronomers were weighing competing celestial systems. This would explain why beliefs caused by clear vision, mathematical intuition, and reliable inductive reasoning typically have positive epistemic value, and why beliefs caused by wishful thinking, superstiti… Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. We can understand such traits to be epistemic virtues insofar as they tend to produce knowledge – not for the agent alone, but for her community. Open- mindedness and intellectual courage, for example, are sometimes mentioned– by Zagzebski (1996), for example. It is an increasingly influential epistemological normative approach that opts for the intellectual virtues of the epistemic agent, In section one, I suggested that our examination of these phenomena of epistemic akrasia lends support to the view that effective cognition depended upon possessions of states such as virtues, enduring states of character with a role in regulating inquiries and ensuring their success. Epistemic virtues. So they include virtues like honesty, sincerity, trustworthiness and intellectual generosity. Very general traits of cognitive character having to do with belief fixation are sometimes mentioned as epistemic virtues. The Classic Example: Ptolemy versus Copernicus A celebrated example has long figured prominently in the epistemic virtues literature. Moral and Epistemic Virtues Moral and Epistemic Virtues Brady, Michael S.; Pritchard, Duncan 2003-01-01 00:00:00 The past thirty years have seen a revival of interest in the moral virtues, which has been motivated, to a large extent, by dissatisfaction with consequentialist and Kantian approaches to normative moral theory. A certain conception of the relevance of virtue epistemology to the philosophy of education is set out. Controversial or borderline candidates for being epistemic virtues, for various reasons, are a good memory, sociability, and the capacity to acquire languages. Epistemic virtues and vices also typically apply to differ - ent actions than non-epistemic virtues and vices. For example, suppose Roddy looks into a field and sees a sheep‐shaped object. An epistemic virtue is a disposition or way of being that generally leads to true beliefs in normal circumstances. Modesty can seem to be, asSorensen (1988) puts it, a kind of ethical blindspot: If you have ityou won’t know it (and if you seem to know you have it, youprobably don’t really!) Jump to Content Jump to Main Navigation. They are the interface between morality and epistemology (the study of knowledge and knowing). 1996 Kluwer Academic Publishers. The proximate goal is, to be fair to all opinions, but the ultimate goal is truth. It seems as though knowing thatyou’re modest somehow spoils it; the modest person, it seems,must be unaware of their own modesty. I VIRTUE EPISTEMOLOGY AND CONTEXTUALISM. 2. 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