The map of Turkey on the left is a portion of a 600-MB World Map created by Tom Patterson. However, the production rate dropped to 1 million barrels per day (160,000 m3/d) in 1995. As production at the field has declined, so has its relative contribution to Mexico's oil sector. Pemex spent Mex$38bn ($2.88bn) in 2008 on installing 20 wells and dehydration and desalination plants at Cantarell to control its decline in production. Structural cross section A-A', Cantarell Complex oil field, offshore Campeche area -....-.-..-. Most folks are surprised to learn that the world’s 2nd largest oil field is not located in Saudi Arabia. Crude oil from the field in the Bay of Campeche is transported via pipelines to tanker berths at Cayo de Arcas and to storage tanks onshore at Dos Bocas, where part of the production is exported and the balance is transported inland by pipeline. Luis Ramírez Corzo, head of PEMEX's exploration and production division, announced on August 12, 2004 that the actual oil output from Cantarell was forecast to decline steeply from 2006 onwards, at a rate of 14% per year. 34 22. Its main purpose is to increase output from a super-giant deposit, which is comprised of four adjacent fields (Akal, Chac, Nohoch and Kutz) and which has been under intense exploitation now for almost two decades, yet still provides over one million barrels a day of crude oil. The Cantarell Field is considered the world’s sixth largest oil field, Bolivar Coastal the eighth largest, and arguably the world’s largest oil reserves lie in the Green River shales. The plant is owned and operated by a joint venture company that is majority-owned by the BOC Group, which was acquired by Linde in 2006. Located 80km offshore in the Bay of Campeche – Gulf of Mexico, the Cantarell complex comprises four major fields: Akal (by far the largest), Nohoch, Chac and Kutz. In my opinion, Cantarell/Mexico may be one of the most poignant, and easiest to grasp examples of what Peak Oil is all about. The field produced about 558,000bopd in 2010, which is 19% less than 2009’s production and 60% less than its peak production. By January 2009, oil production at Cantarell had fallen to 772,000 barrels per day (123,000 m3/d), a drop in production of 38% for the year, resulting in a drop in total Mexican oil production of 9.2%, the fifth year in a row of declining Mexican production. It contains additional recoverable reserves of 10176 m.b. The plant consists of five production lines, each housing an air separation unit powered by its own turbine generator, which is supplied with natural gas by Pemex. The giant Cantarell oil field lies deep under the water of the Gulf of Mexico. Nitrogen is sent offshore via a pipeline for injection into the reservoir. Cantarell Field is the largest oil field in Mexico and one of the largest in the world producing. This identified projects to remove short-term production bottlenecks and increase the field’s long-term production. The shortfall is having a negative effect on Mexico's annual government budget and sovereign-credit rating. The first field was discovered in 1976 and by 1981 the Cantarell complex was producing 1.16 million barrels a day (bopd). In order to maintain heavy crude production in the Bay of Campeche, Pemex developed the Ku-Maloob-Zaap (KMZ) complex in an adjacent area, which can be connected to Cantarell’s facilities. Dedicated to the energy sector, Semco Maritime is an international... Heerema Fabrication Group (HFG) specialises in the engineering and fabrication... Qattameya (also known as Kattameya) gas field is located at a water depth of 108m in the North Damietta offshore…, Meliwis gas field is located in the Madura Offshore PSC situated in East Java, Indonesia. Solution Gas flare reduction turbocompressors, gas reinjection and a nitrogen recovery unit were also installed. As far back as August 2004, Pemex announced that oil output from the field would fall steeply from 2006 onwards, at a rate of 14% a year. It was said to be the second most important field in Mexico after Cantarell, and the world’s 23rd biggest reserve. The Cantarell complex accounts for half of Mexico's offshore crude oil output and 72% of its proven offshore hydrocarbon reserves. Since its discovery in 1976, it has been the mainstay of the country's oil production, accounting for nearly 60 percent of … Critical point Liquid 100 80 60 40 o Gas Çricondentherm C]Phase diagram of a multicompound hydrocarbon mixture. This consisted of several major components, including the installation of new wellhead platforms, riser and injection platforms, two new central processing complexes, accommodation platforms, bridges and flares, and interconnecting pipelines. [11] However, Cantarell had much smaller oil reserves than Ghawar, so production began to decline rapidly in the second half of the decade. The Cantarell IV Jackup is managed by Grupo R, owned by Grupo R and became operational in 2019 This map includes 1,232 discoveries of recoverable reserves over 500 million barrels of oil equivalent (BOE) From 1868 to 2010. The Cantarell field produces out of three separate fault-bounded allochthonous blocks: the Akal, Nohoch, and Kutz blocks. Map showing location of oil and gas fields, important dry holes, and recently reported discoveries, north­ ... Cantarell Complex oil field, offshore Campeche area ..... 33 21. The Cantarell field produces out of three separate fault-bounded allochthonous blocks: the Akal, Nohoch, and Kutz blocks. The project to increase the long-term production of the Cantarell field was known as the Long-Term Plan. [15], In order to try to maintain heavy crude production in the Bay of Campeche, PEMEX is focusing its efforts on the development of the Ku-Maloob-Zaap complex in an adjacent area, which can be connected to the existing facilities of Cantarell. The reservoirs are formed from carbonate breccia of Late Cretaceous age, the rubble from the asteroid impact that created the Chicxulub Crater. The Cantarell field is Pemex Exploración y Producción’s heavy oilfield, located 100km off the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula in the Gulf of Mexico. [7] There are four blocks in the Cantarell Complex, Akal, Nohoch, Chac and Kutz[8] with the Akal block underlain by a fifth block, Sihil, where oil was discovered in 1998.[9]. In the Cantarell field, approximately 100 wells have been shut in as a result of high GORs and high water cuts, and the Ku-Maloob-Zaap field is starting to show incipient profiles of unhandled water and high GORs. [7] By 1981 the Cantarell complex was producing 1.16 million barrels per day (180,000 m3/d). [3] It was placed on nitrogen injection in 2000, and production peaked at 2.1 million barrels per day (330,000 m3/d) in 2004. The porosity is 8%-12% in the reservoir at a depth of about 1500 m, which grades from being coarse-grained to fine-grained, called Unit 1 and 2 respectively, and overlain by a seal of shaly ejecta-rich layer called Unit 3. This complex comprises four major fields: Akal (by far the largest), Nohoch, Chac and Kutz. One development well was completed along with workovers on one major well and nine minor wells. Slructure map of the top of the K-T calcareous breccia showing studied wells in the Cantarell Oil Field (modified from Pemex Exploraci6n y Producci6n, 1999). The injection project started operating in 2000, and boosted production from about a million barrels a day to 1.6 million barrels a day, then to 1.9 million barrels a day in 2002 and to a peak of 2.1 million barrels a day in 2004, making Cantarell the second-fastest producing oilfield in the world at that time, behind the Ghawar Field in Saudi Arabia. In May 2008, Mexico’s Energy Ministry said output had fallen a further 33% to 1.07 million barrels a day, representing the lowest output at the field since March 1996. The field was discovered in…, Rhum gas / condensate field is located in block 3/29a in the UK northern North Sea, approximately 44km north of…, Tommeliten Alpha is a gas and condensate field located at a water depth of 75m, approximately 25km south-west of the…, Get important industry news and analysis sent to your inbox – sign up to our e-Newsletter here, “Crude oil from the Bay of Campeche is transported via pipelines to tanker berths at Cayo de Arcas.”. ", "Pemex Cantarell to stabilize at 500,000 Barrels a Day", "Mexico's fading oil output squeezes exports, spending", Mexico Oil Production going down January 2007, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cantarell_Field&oldid=988008503, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 14:58. Bechtel and Pemex studied other options, such as steam and water injection. Rosas et al., 1998). 14-29. The majority of oil produced from the Ku-Maloob-Zaap fields is piped to Cantarell and exported as part of Pemex's 22° API Maya blend. The project consists of four fields: Akal (the largest), Nohoch, Chac and Kutz. [13] Analysts theorize that this rapid decline is a result of production enhancement techniques causing faster short-term oil extraction at the expense of field longevity. The nitrogen-production facilities were built onshore as a private venture near the town of Atasta. The Akal TE well recovery platform was installed and Cantarell’s compression equipment began operations. of oil and 2954 billion cubic feet (8365 × 107 m3) of gas. Produced gas is sent onshore for treatment and consumption, and the balance is returned offshore for gas lift. In December 2011, Prosafe was contracted to extend the Safe Hibernia bareboat at the Cantarell field until December 2013 for $39.4m. One development well was completed along with workovers on one major well and nine minor wells field ’ compression... On line it had 24 marine platforms and 132 operating wells by 2008 flare reduction turbocompressors gas! You continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it Maya blend at..., Zaap, Bacab and Lum reservoirs are formed from carbonate breccia Late! It had 24 marine platforms and 132 operating wells by 2008 ^ 9 m 3 ) in oil... S largest nitrogen production for pressure maintenance is about 1,200 billion standard feet. 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